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Paul G. Siliciano

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Paul G. Siliciano
Associate Professor, Associate Head, and Director of Undergraduate Studies - Biochemistry

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Research statement

Virtually all genes in higher organisms are interrupted by regions of noncoding DNA called introns. These introns must be removed from messenger RNA precursors to allow proper gene expression. The process of pre-mRNA splicing is responsible for accurately identifying introns and catalyzing their excision. A fundamental challenge in modern molecular biology is to understand how the splicing apparatus specifically recognizes and removes introns. Because the splicing machinery is highly conserved throughout evolution, my laboratory approaches this question using the genetic and biochemical tools available uniquely in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

The RNA-protein particle called the U1 snRNP is the first splicing factor to contact the pre-mRNA, and therefore is a key determinant of splicing specificity. After binding the pre-mRNA, the U1 snRNP proteins interact with other RNAs and proteins to form a bridge that is thought to bring the ends of the intron together for splicing. Therefore, we are very interested in defining the RNAs and proteins that interact with the U1 snRNP.

Currently, we are focusing on the U1 snRNP protein called Prp40. This splicing factor is essential for the splicing reaction and acts at an early step in the splicing pathway. Intriguingly, Prp40 contains conserved amino acid domains of the WWP and dsRNA motifs. Found in a family of proteins including dystrophin, the WWP motif is thought to be a protein-protein interaction domain. In contrast, the dsRNA motif binds double stranded RNA. Thus, Prp40 appears to play a central role in early splicing events. Indeed, we have recently shown that Prp40 interacts directly with other splicing factors early during the splicing pathway. We are now using genetic and biochemical techniques to define these interactions, as this information will shed important new light on how the splicing reaction achieves its high specificity.

Representative publications

SternJohn J, Hati S, Siliciano PG, Musier-Forsyth K. (2007). Restoring species-specific posttransfer editing activity to a synthetase with a defunct editing domain. PNAS 104(7):2127-32.

Hati S, Ziervogel B, Sternjohn J, Wong FC, Nagan MC, Rosen AE, Siliciano PG, Chihade JW, Musier-Forsyth K. (2006). Pre-transfer editing by class II prolyl-tRNA synthetase: role of aminoacylation active site in "selective release" of noncognate amino acids. J. Biol. Chem. 281(38)27862-72.

Murphy MW, Olson BL, Siliciano PG. (2004). The yeast splicing factor Prp40p contains functional leucine-rich nuclear export signals that are essential for splicing. Genetics 166(1):53-65.

Olson BL, Siliciano PG. (2003). A diverse set of nuclear RNAs transfer between nuclei of yeast heterokaryons. Yeast 20(10):893-903.

Kao, H.-Y., and Siliciano, P.G. (1996). Identification of Prp40, a novel essential yeast splicing factor associated with the U1 snRNP. Mol. Cell. Biol. 16:960-967.

Kivens, W., and Siliciano, P.G. (1996). RNA sequences upstream of the 3' splice site repress splicing of mutant pre-mRNA introns in yeast. RNA 2:492-505.

Ruis, B., Kivens, W., and Siliciano, P.G. (1994). The interaction between the first and last nucleotides in the second step of pre-mRNA splicing is independent of other conserved intron nucleotides. Nucl. Acids Res. 22:5190-5195.

Hilleren, P., Kao, H.-Y., and Siliciano, P.G. (1995). The amino terminus of the U1 snRNP protein 70K is necessary and sufficient for function in yeast. Mol. Cell. Biol. 15:6341-6350.

Parker, R., and Siliciano, P.G. (1993). Evidence for an essential non-Watson-Crick interaction between the first and last nucleotides of a nuclear pre-mRNA intron. Nature 361:660-662.

6-110 MCB | East Bank
Phone Number
612-625-4928
Email Address

pauls@umn.edu

Address
6-110 MCB
420 Washington Avenue SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455