You may choose one of two grading options for some of your courses: A-F or S-N. All courses in your major must be taken for a letter grade (A-F) unless the only option available is S-N (e.g. directed research).
S: Pass/satisfactory: given for grades equivalent to or better than “C-”: you receive credit for the course.
N: Fail/not satisfactory: given for grades equivalent to or below “D+”: you are NOT granted credit.
- S-N grades are not factored into your GPA.
- Liberal education courses may be taken S-N; however, courses that are pre-requisites for graduate or professional school should be taken A-F.
- At least 75 percent of your total credits must be taken A-F.
Grade point average (GPA)
You build your University of Minnesota GPA from your first term though graduation. Grades from transfer coursework are not included in your U of MN GPA. Each grade you earn is worth a certain number of grade points (except S or N grades). To calculate GPA, grade points are always divided by credit.
A: 4 grade points (A- = 3.67)
B: 3 grade points (B+ = 3.33; B- = 2.67)
C: 2 grade points (C+ = 2.33; C- = 1.67)
D: 1 grade point (D+ = 1.33)
F: 0 grade points
See the GPA calculator for an explanation on how to manually calculate your GPA.
An “I” is a temporary grade to indicate that the work for the course has not been completed. You may request an “I” from your instructor if you are unable to finish the coursework due to extenuating circumstances. If your instructor agrees to grant you an “I” grade, you and your instructor must agree, in writing, to the outstanding requirements and the time and manner in which you will complete them (see agreement below). If you have not completed an “I” grade within a year from when you received it, it will automatically turn into an “F” or “N”. Students who receive an “I” should NOT also enroll for the class again at a later date.