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Valery Forbes

Dean, Professor

Laboratory website


Ph.D., State University of New York - Stony Brook, 1988

Graduate Faculty Memberships

Ecology, Evolution and Behavior

Research Statement

My main goals are to understand how responses to environmental stress, such as toxic chemicals, link across levels of biological organization - from molecular to ecosystem levels – and to use such understanding to improve ecological risk assessment and environmental management. Most of my work has involved aquatic invertebrates, and in particular animals that live in and feed on sediment since this is where many of the most harmful chemicals entering the environment accumulate.

Recent Publications

Forbes VE, Galic N, Schmolke A, Vavra J, Pastorok R, Thorbek P. (in press). Assessing the risks of pesticides to threatened and endangered species using population modeling: a review and recommendations for future work. Environ Toxicol Chem. DOI: 10.1002/etc.3440

Galic N and Forbes VE. (in press). Effects of temperature on the performance of freshwater amphipod shredders. Hydrobiologia. DOI 10.1007/s10750-016-2901-9

Forbes VE, Hall T, Suter G, Calow P, Cormier S, Brain R, Staveley J, Ortego L, Ågerstrand M, Elliott K. 2016. Bias is creeping into the science behind risk assessments and undermining its use and credibility – A Perspectives Column. Environ Toxicol Chem. 35: 1068 – 1074.

Forbes VE, Galic N. 2016. Next generation ecological risk assessment: predicting risk from molecular initiation to ecosystem service delivery. Environ Internat. 91: 215-219.

DeLong J, Forbes V, Galic N, Gilbert JP, Laport R, Phillips J, Vavra J. 2016. How fast is fast? Eco-evolutionary dynamics and rates of change in populations and phenotypes. Ecol Evol. 6: 573–581. 

Reed M, Alvarez T, Chelinho S, Forbes VE, Johnston ASA, Meli M, Voss F, Pastorok R. 2015.  A risk assessment example for soil invertebrates using spatially explicit agent-based models (ABMs). Integr Environ Assess Manag 12:58-66.

Hommen U, Forbes VE, Grimm V, Preuss T, Thorbek P, Ducrot V. 2015. How to use mechanistic effect models in risk assessment of pesticides: Case studies and recommendations from the SETAC workshop MODELINK. Integr Environ Assess Manag 12: 21-31.

Forbes VE, Brain R, Edwards D, Galic N, Hall T, Honegger J, Meyer C, Moore DRJ, Nacci D, Pastorok R, Preuss TG, Railsback SF, Salice C, Sibly RM, Tenhumberg B, Thorbek P, Wang M. 2015. Assessing pesticide risks to threatened and endangered species using population models. Integr Environ Assess Manag 11: 348 – 354.

Son J, Vavra J, Li Y, Seymour M, Forbes VE. 2015. Interactions between suspension characteristics and physicochemical properties of silver and copper oxide nanoparticles: A case study for optimizing nanoparticle stock suspensions using a central composite design. Chemosphere 124: 136-142.

Ramskov T, Forbes VE, Gilliland D, Selck H. 2015. Accumulation and effects of sediment-associated silver nanoparticles to sediment‐dwelling invertebrates. Aquat Toxicol 166: 96-105.

Ramskov T, Croteau, M, Forbes VE, Selck H. 2015. Biokinetics of different-shaped copper oxide nanoparticles in the freshwater gastropod, Potamopyrgus antipodarum. Aquat Tox 163: 71-80.

Dai L, Banta G, Selck H, Forbes VE. 2015. Influence of copper oxide nanoparticle form and shape on toxicity and bioaccumulation in the deposit feeder, Capitella teleta. Mar Environ Res 111: 99-106.

Palmqvist A, Baker L, Forbes VE, Gergs A, von der Kammer F, Luoma S, Lützhøft HCH, Salinas E, Sorensen M, Steevens J. 2015. Nanomaterial environmental risk assessment. Integr Environ Assess Manag 11: 333-335.

Son J, Vavra J, Forbes VE. 2015. Effects of water quality parameters on agglomeration and dissolution of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs). Sci Total Environ 521-522: 183-190.

Forbes VE. 2015. The real trouble with risk assessment. BioScience 65: 227.



123 Snyder Hall
1475 Gortner Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108