Ph.D., State University of New York - Stony Brook, 1988
Graduate Faculty Memberships
Ecology, Evolution and Behavior
My main goals are to understand how responses to environmental stress, such as toxic chemicals, link across levels of biological organization - from molecular to ecosystem levels – and to use such understanding to improve ecological risk assessment and environmental management. Most of my work has involved aquatic invertebrates, and in particular animals that live in and feed on sediment since this is where many of the most harmful chemicals entering the environment accumulate.
Accolla C, Vaugeois M, Rueda-Cediel P, Moore A, Marques G, Marella P, Forbes VE. 2020. DEB-tox and Data Gaps: Consequences for individual-level outputs. Ecol Model 431: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2020.109107
Awkerman J, Raimondo S, Schmolke A, Galic N, Rueda-Cediel P, Kapo K, Accolla C, Vaugeois M, Forbes VE. 2020. Guidance for developing amphibian population models for ecological risk assessment. Integr Environ Assess Manag 16:223-233.
Goto D, Hamel M, Hammen J, Rugg M, Pegg M, Forbes VE. 2020. Divergent density feedback control of migratory predator recovery following sex-biased perturbations. Ecol Evol 10: 3954 – 3967.
Forbes VE, Calow P. 2020. How contaminants affect population dynamics. In: MC Newman (ed). Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, 5th edn. CRC, Boca Raton, FL. Pp. 321-325.
Rueda-Cediel P, Brain R, Galic N, Forbes VE. 2019. Comparative analysis of plant demographic traits across species of different conservation concern: Implications for pesticide risk assessment. Environ Toxicol Chem. 38: 2043-2052.
Forbes VE, Schmolke A, Accolla C, Grimm V. 2019. A plea for consistency, transparency, and reproducibility in risk assessment effect models. Environ Toxicol Chem 38: 9-11.
Forbes VE, Railsback S, Accolla C, Birnir B, Bruins RJF, Ducrot V, Galic N, Garber K, Harvey BC, Jager HI, Kanarek A, Pastorok R, Rebarber R, Thorbek P, Salice CJ. 2019. Predicting impacts of chemicals from organisms to ecosystem service delivery: A case study of endocrine disruptor effects on trout. Sci Total Environ. 649: 949-959.
Galic N, Hindle A, DeLong JP, Watanabe K, Forbes VE, Buck CL. 2019. Modeling genomes to phenomes to populations in a changing climate: the need for collaborative networks. Ecol Model. 406: 80-83.
Hochstein R, Zhang Q, Sadowsky MJ, Forbes VE. 2019. The deposit feeder Capitella teleta has a unique and relatively complex microbiome likely supporting its ability to degrade pollutants. Sci Tot Environ 670: 547-554.
Galic N, Hawkins T, Forbes VE. 2019. Adverse impacts of hypoxia on aquatic invertebrates: A meta-analysis. Sci Total Environ. 652: 736-743.
Galic N, Salice CJ, Birnir B, Bruins RJF, Ducrot V, Jager HI, Kanarek A, Pastorok R, Rebarber R, Thorbek P, Forbes VE. 2019. Predicting impacts of chemicals from organisms to ecosystem service delivery: A case study of insecticide impacts on a freshwater lake. Sci Total Environ. 682: 426-436.
Devos Y, Munns WR Jr, Forbes VE, Maltby L, Stenseke M, Brussaard L, Streissl F, Hardy A. 2019. Applying ecosystem services for pre-market environmental risk assessments of regulated stressors. EFSA Journal 2019;17(S1):e170705.
Calow P, Forbes VE. 2019. Ecotoxicology: more than wildlife toxicology. In: Toxicology and Risk Assessment: A Comprehensive Introduction, 2nd edn, H Greim, R Snyder (eds), Wiley, Chichester, UK, pp. 209-219.
Schmolke A, Roy C, Brain R, Forbes VE. 2018. Adapting population models for application in pesticide risk assessment: a case study with Mead’s milkweed. Environ Toxicol Chem. 37: 2235-2245.
Schmolke A, Brain R, Thorbek P, Perkins D, Forbes VE. 2018. Assessing and mitigating population-level effects of 3 herbicides to a threatened plant: Application of a species-specific population model of Boltonia decurrens. Environ Toxicol Chem. 37: 1545-1555.
Galic N, Sullivan L, Grimm V, Forbes VE. 2018. When things don’t add up: quantifying impacts of multiple stressors from individual metabolism to ecosystem processing. Ecol Lett. 21: 568-577.
Goto D, Hamel MJ, Hammen JJ, Rugg ML, Pegg MA, Forbes VE. 2018. Spatially dynamic maternal control of migratory fish recruitment pulses triggered by shifting seasonal cues. Marine and Freshwater Research. 69: 942-961.
Selck H, Forbes VE. 2018. Current risk assessment frameworks misjudge risks of hydrophobic chemicals. Environ Sci Technol. 52: 1690-1692.
Chapman P, Brain R, Belden J, Forbes VE, Mebane C, Hoke RA, Ankley G, Solomon K. 2018. Collaborative research among academia, business, and government. Integr Environ Assess Manag. 14: 152-154.
Schmolke A, Kapo K, Rueda-Cediel P, Thorbek P, Brain R, Forbes VE. 2017. Developing population models: a systematic approach for pesticide risk assessment using herbaceous plants as an example. Sci Total Environ 599-600:1929-1938.
Forbes VE, Salice CJ, Birnir B, Bruins RJF, Calow P, Ducrot V, Galic N, Garber K, Harvey BC, Jager H, Kanarek A, Pastorok R, Railsback SF, Rebarber R, Thorbek P. 2017. A framework for predicting impacts on ecosystem services from (sub)organismal responses to chemicals. Environ Toxicol Chem 36: 845-859.
DeLong JP, Brassil CE, Erickson EK, Forbes VE, Moriyama EN, Riekhof WR. 2017. Dynamic thermal reaction norms and body size oscillations challenge explanations of the temperature-size rule. Ecol Evol Biol 18: 293-303.
Schmolke A, Brain R, Thorbek P, Perkins D, Forbes VE. 2017. Population modeling for pesticide risk assessment of threatened species – a case study of a terrestrial plant, Boltonia decurrens. Environ Toxicol Chem 36: 480-491.
Galic N, Grimm V, Forbes VE. 2017. Impaired ecosystem process despite little effects on populations: modeling combined effects of warming and toxicants. Global Change Biol 23: 2973-2989.
Galic N, Forbes VE. 2017. The role of Dynamic Energy Budget theory in predictive modeling of stressor impacts on ecological systems. Comment on: Physics of metabolic organization. Physics of Life Reviews 20: 43-45.
Galic N, Forbes VE. 2017. Effects of temperature on the performance of a freshwater amphipod. Hydrobiologia 785:35-46.
Haak DM, Fath BD, Forbes VE, Martin DR, Pope KL. 2017. Coupling ecological and social network models to assess “transmission” and “contagion” of an aquatic invasive species. J Environ Manage 190: 243-251.
Forbes VE, Thorbek P, Garber K. 2017. Ecological effect models for assessing the risks of pesticides: ongoing developments in the United States and European Union. SETAC Globe 18:4.