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The Ecological and Societal Consequences of Biodiversity Loss. 2022. Edited by M. Loreau, A. Hector, and F. Isbell. Wiley-ISTE. Available for free (with institutional subscription) here. Available for purchase here or from many other book stores.

Science-Policy Publications

Leadley, P., C. Krug, D. Obura, L. Shannon, A. Gonzalez, M. C. Londoño-Murcia, A. Radulovici, K. Millette, A. Rankovic, E. Archer, F. A. Armah, N. Bax, K Chaudhari, M. J. Costello, L. M. Davalos, F. de Oliveira Roque, F. DeClerck, L. Dee, F. Essl, S. Ferrier, P. Genovesi, M. R. Guariguata, S. Hashimoto, C. Ifejika Speranza, F. Isbell, M. Kok, S. Lavery, D. Leclère, R. Loyola, Goiás, S. Lwasa, M. McGeoch, A. S. Mori, E. Nicholson, J. M. Ochoa, K. Öllerer, S. Polasky, C. Rondinini, S. Schroer, O. Selomane, X. Shen, B. Strassburg, R. Sumaila, D. P. Tittensor, E. Turak, L. Urbina, M. Vallejos, E. Vázquez-Domínguez, P. Verburg, P. Visconti, S. Woodley, J. Xu. 2022. Expert input to the post-2020 global biodiversity framework: transformative actions on all drivers of biodiversity loss are urgently required to achieve the global goals by 2050. Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice, Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD/SBSTTA/24/inf/31

Díaz S, Zafra-Calvo N, Obura D, Verburg P, Chaplin-Kramer R, DeClerck F, De Meester L, Dulloo E, Leadley P, Martín-López B, Purvis A, Shaw R, Visconti P, Bellon M, Broadgate W, Burgess N, Cariño J, Castañeda-Alvarez N, Cavender-Bares J, Fernández-Palacios JM, Garibaldi LA, Hill S, Isbell F, Krug C,  Liu J, Mace GM, Maron M, McGowan P, Pereira H, Reyes-García V, Rondinini C, Shannon L, Shin YJ, Snelgrove P, Spehn E, Strassburg B, Subramanian S, Tewksbury J, Watson J, Zanne A, Bruford M, Colli L, Dornelas MA, Bascompte J, Dobrota S, Forest F, Hoban S, Johnson M, Jones S, Jordano P, Kassen R, Khoury C, Laikre L, Maxted N, Miloslavich P, Moersberg H, Moreno-Mateos D, Ogden R, Rocha J, Segelbacher G, Souffreau C, Svenning JC, Vázquez E. 2020. Synthesizing the scientific evidence to inform the development of the post-2020 Global Framework on Biodiversity. Earth Commission Meeting Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice, Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD/SBSTTA/24/inf/9

Barger, N. N., Gardner, T. A., Sankaran, M., Belnap, J., Broadhurst, L., Brochier, V., Isbell, F., Meyfroidt, P., Moreira, F., Nieminen, T. M., Okuro, T., Rodrgiues, R. R., Saxena, V., and Ross, M. Chapter 3: Direct and indirect drivers of land degradation and restoration. In IPBES (2018): The IPBES assessment report on land degradation and restoration. Montanarella, L., Scholes, R., and Brainich, A. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany, pp. 137-218 PDF iconPDF

Cavender-Bares, J., Arroyo, M.T.K., Abell, R., Ackerly, D., Ackerman, D., Arim, M., Belnap, J., Castañeda Moya, F., Dee, L., Estrada-Carmona, N., Gobin, J., Isbell, F., Köhler, G., Koops, M., Kraft, N., Mcfarlane, N., Martínez-Garza, C., Metzger, J. P., Mora, A., Oatham, M., Paglia, A., Pedrana, J., Peri, P. L.,
Piñeiro, G., Randall, R., Robbins, W. W., Weis, J., and Ziller, S. R. Chapter 3: Status, trends and future dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystems underpinning nature’s contributions to people. In IPBES (2018): The IPBES regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for the Americas. Rice, J., Seixas, C. S., Zaccagnini, M. E., Bedoya-Gaitán, M., and Valderrama, N. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany, pp. 171-293 PDF iconPDF

Bustamante, M., Helmer, E. H., Schill, S., Belnap, J., Brown, L. K., Brugnoli, E., Compton, J. E., Coupe, R. H., Hernández- Blanco, M., Isbell, F., Lockwood, J., Lozoya Ascárate, J. P., McGuire, D., Pauchard, A., Pichs-Madruga, R., Rodrigues, R. R., Sanchez- Azofeifa, G. A., Soutullo, A., Suarez, A., Troutt, E., and Thompson, L. Chapter 4: Direct and indirect drivers of change in biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people. In IPBES (2018): The IPBES regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for the Americas. Rice, J., Seixas, C. S., Zaccagnini, M. E., Bedoya-Gaitán, M., and Valderrama, N. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany, pp. 295-435 PDF iconPDF

Journal Articles and Book Chapters


Isbell, F., Patricia Balvanera, Akira S Mori, Jin-Sheng He, James M. Bullock, Ganga Ram Regmi, Eric W. Seabloom, Simon Ferrier, Osvaldo E. Sala, Nathaly R. Guerrero-Ramírez, Julia Tavella, Daniel J. Larkin, Bernhard Schmid, Charlotte L. Outhwaite, Pairot Pramual, Elizabeth T. Borer, Michel Loreau, Taiwo Crossby Omotoriogun, David O. Obura, Maggie Anderson, Cristina Portales-Reyes, Kevin Kirkman, Pablo M Vergara, Adam Thomas Clark, Kimberly J Komatsu, Owen L. Petchey, Sarah R. Weiskopf, Laura J. Williams, Scott L. Collins, Nico Eisenhauer, Christopher H Trisos, Delphine Renard, Alexandra J. Wright, Poonam Tripathi, Jane Cowles, Jarrett E.K. Byrnes, Peter B Reich, Andy Purvis, Zati Sharip, Mary I. O'Connor, Clare E. Kazanski, Nick M. Haddad, Eulogio H. Soto, Laura E. Dee, Sandra Díaz, Chad R. Zirbel, Meghan L. Avolio, Shaopeng Wang, Zhiyuan Ma, Jingjing Liang, Hanan C. Farah, Justin Andrew Johnson, Brian W. Miller, Yann Hautier, Melinda D. Smith, Johannes M H Knops, Bonnie J.E. Myers, Zuzana V. Harmáčková, Jorge Cortés, Michael B. J. Harfoot, Andrew Gonzalez, Tim Newbold, Jacqueline Oehri, Marina Mazón, Cynnamon Dobbs, and Meredith S. Palmer. 2022. Expert perspectives on global biodiversity loss and its drivers and impacts on people. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. In press

Isbell, F. 2022. Protecting and restoring biodiversity and ecosystem services. Chapter 15 in The Ecological and Societal Consequences of Biodiversity Loss. Eds. M. Loreau, A. Hector, and F. Isbell. Wiley-ISTE

Liu, J., F. Isbell, Q. Ma, Y. Chen, F. Xing, W. Sun, L. Wang, J. Li, Y. Wang, F. Hou, X. Xin, Z. Nan, N. Eisenhauer, and D. Wang. 2022. Overgrazing, not haying, decreases grassland topsoil organic carbon by decreasing grassland plant species richness gradient along an aridity gradient in Northern China. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 332:107935

Loreau, M., B. Cardinale, F. Isbell, T. Newbold, M. I. O'Connor, and C. de Mazancourt. 2022. Do not downplay biodiversity loss. Nature 601:E27-28

Purvis, A. and F. Isbell. 2022. Biodiversity change: past, present, and future. Chapter 1 in The Ecological and Societal Consequences of Biodiversity Loss. Wiley-ISTE

Weiskopf, S.R., Z. Harmáčková, C. G. Johnson, M. C. Londoño-Murcia, B. W. Miller, B. J. E. Myers, L. Pereira, M. I. Arce-Plata, J. B. Blanchard, S. Ferrier, E. A. Fulton, M. Harfoot, F. Isbell, J. A. Johnson, A. S. Mori, E. Weng, and I. Rosa. 2022. Increasing the uptake of ecological model results in policy decisions to improve biodiversity outcomes. Environmental Modelling and Software 149:105318



Avolio, M. L. K. J. Komatsu, S. L. Collins, E. Grman, S. E. Koerner, A. T. Tredennick, K. R. Wilcox, S. Baer, E. H. Boughton, A. Britton, B. Foster, L. Gough, M. Hovenden, F. Isbell, A. Jentsch, D. S. Johnson, A. K. Knapp, J. Kreyling, C. Lortie, R. McCulley, J. R. McLaren, R. B. Reich, E. Seabloom, M. D. Smith, K. N. Suding, K. B. Suttle, and P. Tognetti. 2021. Determinants of plant community compositional change are equally affected by global change. Ecology Letters 24:1892-1904

Cavender-Bares, J., P. Reich, P. Townsend, A. Banerjee, E. Butler, A. Desai, A. Gevens, S. Hobbie, F. Isbell, E. Laliberté, J. E. Meireles, H. Menninger, R. Pavlick, J. Pinto-Ledezma, C. Potter, M. Schuman, N. Springer, A. Stefanski, P. Trivedi, A. Trowbridge, L. Williams, C. Willis, Y. Yang. 2021. BII-Implementation: The causes and consequences of plant biodiversity across scales in a rapidly changing world. Research Ideas and Outcomes 7:e63850

Jaillard, B., P. Deleporte, F. Isbell, M. Loreau, and C. Violle, Cyrille. 2021. Identifying plant functional groups that govern ecosystem functioning in a long-term biodiversity experiment. Ecology 102:e03441

Jungers, J. M., Y. Yang, C. W. Fernandez, F. Isbell, C. Lehman, D. Wyse, and C. Sheaffer. 2021. Diversifying bioenergy crops increases yield and yield stability by reducing weed abundance. Science Advances 7:eabg8531

Loreau, M., M. Barbier, E. Filotas, D. Gravel, F. Isbell, J. Montoya, S. Wang, R. Aussenac, R. Germain, P. Thompson, A. Gonzalez, and L. Dee. 2021. Biodiversity as insurance: from concept to measurement and application. Biological Reviews 96:2333-2354

Mori, A. S., L. E. Dee, A. Gonzalez, J. Cowles, A. J. Wright, M. Loreau, Y. Hautier, T. Newbold, P. B. Reich, T. Matsui, H. Ohashi, K. Okada, R. Seidl, and F. Isbell. 2021. Biodiversity-productivity relationships are key to nature-based climate solutions. Nature Climate Change 11:543-550

O'Connor, M., A.S. Mori, A. Gonzalez, L.E. Dee, M. Loreau, M. Avolio, J.E.K. Byrnes, W. Cheung, J. Cowles, A.T. Clark, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, K. Komatsu, T. Newbold, C.L. Outhwaite, P.B. Reich, E. Seabloom, L. Williams, A. Wright, and F. Isbell. Grand challenges in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research in the era of science-policy platforms require explicit consideration of feedbacks. Proc. R. Soc. B. 288: 20210783

Palmer, M. S., C. Portales Reyes, C. Potter, L. David Mech, and F. Isbell. 2021. Behaviorally-mediated trophic cascade is attenuated by prey use of risky places at safe times. Oecologia 195:235-248

Seabloom, E. W., P. B. Adler, J. Alberti, L. Biederman, Y. M. Buckley, M. W. Cadotte, S. L. Collins, L. Dee, P. A. Fay, J. Firn, N. Hagenah, W. S. Harpole, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, S. E. Hobbie, F. Isbell, J. M. H. Knops, K. J. Komatsu, R. Laungani, A. MacDougall, R. L. McCulley, J. L. Moore, J. W. Morgan, T. Oehlert, S. M. Prober, A. C. Risch, M. Schuetz, C. J. Stevens, and E. T. Borer. 2021. Increasing effects of chronic nutrient enrichment on plant diversity loss and ecosystem productivity over time. Ecology 102:e03218

Suraci, J. P., K. M. Gaynor, M. L. Allen,  P. Alexander, J. S. Brashares, S. Cendejas-Zarelli, K. Crooks, L. M. Elbroch, T. Forester, A. M. Green, J. Haight, N. Harris , M. Hebblewhite, F. Isbell, B. Johnston, R. Kays, P. E. Lendrum, J. Lewis, A. McInturff, W. McShea , T. W. Murphy, M. Palmer, A. Parsons, M. A. Parsons, M. E. Pendergast, C. Pekins, L. Prugh, K. A. Sager-Fradkin, S. Schuttler, C. H. Sekercioglu, B. Shepherd, L. Whipple, J. Whittington, G. Wittemyer, and C. C. Wilmers. 2021. Disturbance type and species life history predict mammal response to humans. Global Change Biology 27:3718-3731

Tatsumi, S., S. Matsuoka, S. Fujii, K. Makoto, T. Osono, F. Isbell, and A.S. Mori. Prolonged impacts of past agricultural and ungulate overabundance on soil fungal communities in restored forests. Environmental DNA 3:930-939

Wang, S., F. Isbell, W. Deng, P. Hong, L. E. Dee, P. Thompson, and M. Loreau. 2021. How complementarity and selection affect the relationship between ecosystem functioning and stability. Ecology 102:e03347

Wang, S., M. Loreau, C. de Mazancourt, F. Isbell, C. Beierkuhnlein, J. Connolly, J. Doležal, N. Eisenhauer, A. Jentsch, J. Kreyling, V. Lanta, J. Leps, H. W. Polley, P. B. Reich, J. van Ruijven, B. Schmid, D. Tilman, B. J. Wilsey, and D. Craven. 2021. Biotic homogenization destabilizes ecosystem functioning by decreasing spatial asynchrony. Ecology 102:e03332



Avolio, M., K. Wilcox, K. Komatsu, N. Lemoine, W. Bowman, S. Collins, A. Knapp, S. Koerner, M. Smith, S. Baer, K. Gross, F. Isbell, J. McLaren, P. B. Reich, K. Suding, K. B. Suttle, D. Tilman, Z. Xu, Q. Yu. 2020. Temporal variability in production is not consistently affected by global change drivers across herbaceous-dominated ecosystems. Oecologia 194:735-744

Barnes, A. D., C. Scherber, U. Brose, E. T. Borer, A. Ebeling, B. Gauzens, D. Giling, J. Hines, F. Isbell, C. Ristok, D. Tilman, W. W. Weisser, N. Eisenhauer. 2020. Plant diversity enhances the multi-trophic control of herbivory. Science Advances 6:eabb6603

Barry, K. E., J. van Ruijven, L. Mommer, Y. Bai, C. Beierkuhnlein, N. Buchmann, H. de Kroon, A. Ebeling, N. Eisenhauer, C. Guimaraes-Steinicke, A. Hildebrandt, F. Isbell, A. Milcu, C. Neßhöver, P. B. Reich, C. Roscher, L. Sauheitl, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, B. Schmid, D. Tilman, S. von Felten, and A. Weigelt. 2020. Limited evidence for spatial resource partitioning across temperate grassland biodiversity experiments. Ecology 101: e02905

Bowler, D. E., A. D. Bjorkmann, M. Dornelas, I. Myers-Smith, M. O’Connor, L. Navarro, A. Niamir, S. R. Supp, C. Waldock, M. Vellend, S. Blowes, K. Böhning-Gaese, H. Bruelheide, R. Elahi, L. H. Antão, J. Hines, F. Isbell, H. P. Jones, A. E. Magurran, J. S. Cabral, M. Winter, and A. E. Bates. 2020. Mapping human pressures on biodiversity across the planet uncovers anthropogenic threat complexes. People and Nature 2:380-394

Díaz, S, N. Zafra-Calvo, A. Purvis, P. H. Verburg, D. Obura, P. Leadley, R. Chaplin-Kramer, L. De Meester, E. Dulloo, B. Martín-López, M. R. Shaw, P. Visconti, W. Broadgate, M. Bruford, N. D. Burgess, J. Cavender-Bares, F. DeClerck, J. M. Fernádez-Palacios, L. A. Garibaldi, S. L.L. Hill, F. Isbell, C. K. Khoury, C. B. Krug, J. Liu, M. Maron, P. J.K. McGowan, H. M. Pereira, V. Reyes-García, J. Rocha, C. Rondinini, L. Shannon, Y.-J. Shin, P. V. R. Snelgrove, E. M. Spehn, B. Strassburg, S. M. Subramanian, J. J. Tewksbury, J. E.M. Watson, and A. E. Zanne. 2020. Ambitious goals and holistic actions for biodiversity. Science 370:411-413

Gonzalez, A., R. Germain, D. Srivastava, E. Filotas, L. Dee, D. Gravel, M. I. O’Connor, P. Thompson, F. Isbell, S. Kéfi, J. Montoya, Y. Zelnick, and M. Loreau. 2020. Scaling-up biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research. Ecology Letters 23:757-776

Hautier, Y., P. Zhang, M. Loreau, K. R. Wilcox, E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, M. L. Avolio, J. E. K. Byrnes, S. E. Koerner, K. J. Komatsu, J. S. Lefcheck, A. Hector, P. B. Adler, J. Alberti, C. A. Arnillas, J. D. Bakker, L. A. Brudvig, M. N. Bugalho, M. Cadotte, M. C. Caldeira, O. Carroll, M. Crawley, S. L. Collins, P. Daleo, L. E. Dee, N. Eisenhauer, A. Eskelinen, P. A. Fay, B. Gilbert, A. Hansar, F. Isbell, J. M. H. Knops, A. S. MacDougall, R. L. McCulley, J. L. Moore, J. W. Morgan, A. S. Mori, P. L. Peri, E. T. Pos, S. A. Power, J. N. Price, P. B. Reich, A. C. Risch, C. Roscher, M. Sankaran, M. Schutz, M. Smith, C. Stevens, P. M. Tognetti, R. Virtanen, G. M. Wardle, P. A. Wilfart, and S. Wang. 2020. General destabilizing effects of eutrophication on grassland productivity at multiple scales. Nature Communications 11:5375

Jochum, M., M. Fischer, F. Isbell, C. Roscher, F. van der Plas, S. Boch, G. Boenisch, N. Buchman, J. A. Catford, J. Cavender-Bares, A. Ebeling, N. Eisenhauer, G. Gleixner, N. Holzel, V. H. Klaus, T. Kleinebecker, M. Lange, G. Le Provost, S. T. Meyer, R. Molina-Venegas, L. Mommer, Y. Oelmann, C. Penone, D. Prati, P. B. Reich, A. Rindisbacher, D. Schaefer, S. Scheu, B. Schmid, D. Tilman, T. Tscharntke, A. Vogel, C. Wagg, A. Weigelt, W. W. Weisser, W. Wilcke, P. Manning. 2020. The results of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiments are realistic. Nature Ecology and Evolution

Kimmel, K., G. Furey, F. Isbell, S. Hobbie, D. Tilman, and P. B. Reich. 2020. Diversity-dependent soil acidification under nitrogen enrichment constrains biomass productivity. Global Change Biology 26:6594-6603

Mori, A. S., J. Hans C. Cornelissen, S. Fujii, and F. Isbell. 2020. After-life effects of plant diversity as a global change driver: a synthesis on decomposition. Nature Communications 11:4547



Isbell, F., D. Tilman, P. B. Reich, and A. T. Clark. 2019. Deficits of biodiversity and productivity linger a century after agricultural abandonment. Nature Ecology and Evolution 3:1533-1538

Avolio, M. I. Carroll, S. Collins, G. Houseman, L. Hallett, F. Isbell, S. Koerner, K. La Pierre, M. Smith, and K. Wilcox. 2019. A comprehensive approach to analyzing community dynamics using rank abundance curves. Ecosphere 10:e02881

Barry, K. E., L. Mommer, J. van Ruijven, C. Wirth, A. J. Wright, Y. Bai, J. Connolly, G. B. De Deyn, H. de Kroon, F. Isbell, A. Milcu, C. Roscher, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, B. Schmid, and A. Weigelt. 2019. The future of complementarity: Detangling causes from consequences. Trends in Ecology and the Environment 34:167-180

Blowes, S., S. Supp, L. Antão, A. Bates, H. Bruelheide, J. Chase, F. Moyes, A. Magurran, B. McGill, I. Myers-Smith, M. Winter, A. Bjorkman, D. Bowler, J. E.K. Byrnes, A. Gonzalez, J. Hines, F. Isbell, H. Jones, L. M. Navarro, P. Thompson, M. Vellend, C. Waldock, and M. Dornelas. Biodiversity trends are stronger in marine than in terrestrial assemblages. Science 366:339-345

Chase, J., B. McGill, P. L. Thompson, L. Antao, A. Bates, S. Blowes, M. Dornelas, A. Gonzalez, A. Magurran, S. R. Supp, M. Winter, A. Bjorkman, H. Bruelheide, J. Byrnes, J. S. Cabral, R. Elahi, C. Gomez, H. Guzman, F. Isbell, I. Myers-Smith, H. Jones, J. Hines, M. Vellend, C. Waldock, and M. O’Connor. 2019. Species richness change across spatial scales. Oikos 128: 1079-1091

Dee, L., J. Cowles, F. Isbell, S. Pau, S. D. Gaines, and P. B. Reich. 2019. When do ecosystem services depend on rare species? Trends in Ecology & Evolution 34:746-758

Eisenhauer, N., H. Schielzeth, A. D. Barnes, K. Barry, A. Bonn, U. Brose, H. Bruelheide, N. Buchmann, F. Buscot, A. Ebeling, O. Ferlian, G. T. Freschet, D. P. Giling, S. Hättenschwiler, H. Hillebrand, J. Hines, F. Isbell, E. Koller-France, B. König-Ries, H. de Kroon, S. T. Meyer, A. Milcu, J. Müller, C. A. Nock, J. S. Petermann, C. Roscher, C. Scherber, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, B. Schmid, S. A. Schnitzer, A. Schuldt, T. Tscharntke, M. Türke, N. M. van Dam, F. van der Plas, A. Vogel, C. Wagg, D. A. Wardle, A. Weigelt, W. W. Weisser, C. Wirth, and M. Jochum. 2019. A multitrophic perspective on biodiversity–ecosystem functioning research. Advances in Ecological Research 61:1-54

Kimmel, K., L. Dee, D. Tilman, I. Aubin, G. Boenisch, J. A. Catford, J. Kattge, and F. Isbell. 2019. Chronic fertilization and irrigation gradually and increasingly restructure grassland communities. Ecosphere 10:e02625

Komatsu, K. J., M. Avolio, N. Lemoine, F. Isbell, E. Grman, G. Houseman, S. Koerner, D. Johnson, K. Wilcox, J. Alatalo, J. Anderson, R. Aerts, S. Baer, A. Baldwin, J. Bates, C. Beierkuhnlein, R. Belote, J. Blair, J. Bloor, P. Bohlen, E. Bork, E, Boughton, W. Bowman, A. Britton, J. Cahill Jr., E. Chaneton, N. Chiariello, J. Cheng, S. Collins, J Cornelissen, G. Du, A. Eskelinen, J. Firn, B. Foster, L. Gough, K. Gross, L. Hallett, X. Han, H. Harmens, M. Hovenden, A. Jagerbrand, A. Jentsch, C. Kern, K. Klanderud, A. Knapp, J. Kreyling, W. Li, Y. Luo, R. McCulley, J. McLaren, J. Megonigal, J. Morgan, V. Onipchenko, S. Pennings, J. Prevéy, J. Price, P. Reich, C. Robinson, F. Russell, O. Sala, E. Seabloom, M. Smith, N. Soudzilovskaia, L. Souza, K. Suding, K. Suttle, T. Svejcar, D. Tilman, P. Tognetti, R. Turkington, S. White, Z. Xu, L. Yahdjian, Q. Yu, P. Zhang, and Y. Zhang. 2019. Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed. PNAS 116: 17867-17873

Liu, J., X. Li, Q. Ma, X. Zhang, Y. Chen, F. Isbell, and D. Wang. 2019. Nitrogen addition reduces ecosystem stability regardless of its impacts on diversity. Journal of Ecology 107:2427-2435

Mech, L. D., F. Isbell, J. Krueger, and J. Hart. 2019. Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) recolonization failure: A Minnesota case study. Canadian Field-Naturalist 133:60-65

Palmer, M., J. Krueger, and F. Isbell. 2019. Bats join the ranks of oxpeckers and cleaner fish as partners in a pest-reducing mutualism. Ethology 125:170-175

Vogel, A., P. Manning, M. W. Cadotte, J. Cowles, F. Isbell, A. L. C.  Jousset, K. Kimmel, S. T. Meyer, P. B. Reich, C. Roscher, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, M. P. Thakur, D. Tilman, A. Weigelt, A. J. Wright, N. Eisenhauer, C. Wagg. Lost in trait space: species-poor communities are inflexible in properties that drive ecosystem functioning. Advances in Ecological Research 61:91-131

Wang, L., M. Delgado-Baquerizo, D. Wang, F. Isbell, J. Liu, C. Feng, J. Liu, Z. Zhong, H. Zhu, X. Yuan, Q. Chang, and C. Liu. 2019. Diversifying livestock promotes multidiversity and multifunctionality in managed grasslands. PNAS 116:6187-6192



Isbell, F., J. Cowles, L. E. Dee, M. Loreau, P. B. Reich, A. Gonzalez, A. Hector, and B. Schmid. 2018. Quantifying effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning across times and places Ecology Letters 21:763-778 PDF

Binder, S., F. Isbell, S. Polaksy, J. Catford, and D. Tilman. 2018. Grassland biodiversity can pay PNAS 115:3876-3881 PDF

Hautier, Y., F. Isbell, E. T. Borer, E. W. Seabloom, W. S. Harpole, E. M. Lind, A. S. MacDougall, C. J. Stevens, P. B. Adler, J. Alberti, J. D. Bakker, Y. M. Buckley, M. W. Cadotte, M. C. Caldeira, E. J. Chaneton, C. Chu, P. Daleo, J. Firn, N. Hagenah, H. Hillebrand, O. Iribarne, K. P. Kirkman, J. M. H. Knops, K. J. La Pierre, R. L. McCulley, J. Morgan, M. Pärtel, J. Pascual, S. M. Prober, A. C. Risch, M. Sankaran, M. Schuetz, A. Hector. 2018. Local loss and spatial homogenization of biodiversity reduce ecosystem multifunctionality Nature Ecology and Evolution 2:50-56 PDF

Mori, A., F. Isbell, and R. Seidl. 2018. Beta-diversity, community assembly and ecosystem functioning. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 33:549-564 PDF

Thompson, P., F. Isbell, M. Loreau, M. O’Connor, and A. Gonzalez. 2018. The strength of the biodiversity-ecosystem function relationship depends on spatial scale. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285:20180038 PDF

Eisenhauer, N., J. Hines, F. Isbell, F. van der Plas, S. E. Hobbie, C. E. Kazanski, A. Lehmann, M. Liu, A. Lochner, M. Rillig, K. Worm, and P. B. Reich. 2018. Plant diversity maintains multiple soil functions in future environments. eLife 7:e41228 PDF

Tallis, H., P. Hawthorne, S. Polasky, J. Reid, M. Beck, K. Brauman, J. Bielicki, S. Binder, M. Burgess, E. Cassidy, A. Clark, J. Fargione, E. Game, J. Gerber, F. Isbell, J. Kiesecker, R. McDonald, M. Metian, J. Molnar, N. Mueller, C. O'Connell, D. Ovando, M. Troell, T. Boucher, and B McPeek. 2018. An attainable global vision for conservation and human well-being. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 16:563-570 PDF

Langley, J. A., S. K. Chapman, M. Avolio, W. D. Bowman, D. S. Johnson, K. J. La Pierre, F. Isbell, K. R. Wilcox, B. L. Foster, M. J. Hovenden, A. K. Knapp, S. Koerner, C. Lortie, J. P. Megonigal, P. Newton, P. B. Reich, M. D. Smith, B. Suttle, D. Tilman. 2018. Ambient changes exceed treatment effects on plant species abundance in long-term global change experiments. Global Change Biology 24:5668-5679 PDF

Craven, D. N. Eisenhauer, W. D. Pearse, Y. Hautier, C. Roscher, F. Isbell, M. Bahn, C. Beierkuhnlein, G. Bönisch, N. Buchmann, C. Byun, J. A. Catford, B. E. L. Cerabolini, J. H. C. Cornelissen, J. M. Craine, E. De Luca, A. Ebeling, J. N. Griffin, A. Hector, J. Hines, A. Jentsch, J. Kattge, J. Kreyling, V. Lanta, N. Lemoine, S. T. Meyer, V. Minden, V. Onipchenko, H. W. Polley, P. B. Reich, J. van Ruijven, B. Schamp, M. D. Smith, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, D. Tilman, A. Weigelt, B. Wilsey, and P. Manning. 2018. Multiple facets of biodiversity drive the diversity-stability relationship. Nature Ecology and Evolution 2:1579-1587 PDF

Liu, J., Y. Cui; X. Li, B. Wilsey, F. Isbell, S. Wan, L. Wang, and D. Wang. 2018. Reversal of nitrogen-induced species diversity declines mediated by change in dominant grass and litter. Oecologia 188:921-929 PDF

Bannar-Martin, K. H., C. T. Kremer, S. K. M. Ernest, M. A. Leibold, H. Auge, J. Chase, S. A. J. Declerck, N. Eisenhauer, S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, F. Isbell, T. Koffel, S. Larsen, A. Narwani, J. S. Petermann, C. Roscher, J. S. Cabral, and S. R. Supp. 2018. Integrating community assembly and biodiversity to better understand ecosystem function: The Community Assembly and the Functioning of Ecosystems (CAFE) approach Ecology Letters 21:167-180 PDF



Isbell, F., A. Gonzalez, M. Loreau, J. Cowles, S. Díaz, A. Hector, G. M. Mace, D. A. Wardle, M. O'Connor, J. E. Duffy, L. A. Turnbull, P. L. Thompson, A. Larigauderie. 2017. Linking the influence and dependence of people on biodiversity across scales Nature 546:65-72 PDF

Isbell, F., P. Adler, N. Eisenhauer, D. Fornara, K. Kimmel, C. Kremen, D. Letourneau, M. Liebman, H. W. Polley, S. Quijas, M. Scherer-Lorenzen. 2017. Benefits of increasing plant diversity in sustainable agroecosystems Journal of Ecology 105:871-879 PDF

Wilcox, K. R., A. T. Tredennick, S. E. Koerner, E. Grman, L. M. Hallett, M. L. Avolio, K. J. La Pierre, G. R. Houseman, F. Isbell, D. S. Johnson, J. M. Alatalo, A. H. Baldwin, E. Bork, E. H. Boughton, W. D. Bowman, A. Britton, J. F. Cahill Jr, S. L. Collins, G. Du, A. Eskelinen, L. Gough, A. Jentsch, C. Kern, K. Klanderud, A. K. Knapp, J. Kreyling, Y. Luo, J. R. McLaren, P. Megonigal, V. Onipchenko, J. Prevéy, J. Price, C. H. Robinson, O. Sala, M. D. Smith, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, L. Souza, D. Tilman, S. R. White, Z. Xu, L. Yahdjian, Q. Yu, Y. Zhang. 2017. Asynchrony among local communities stabilises ecosystem function of metacommunities Ecology Letters 20:1534-1545 PDF

Guerrero-Ramírez, N. R., D. Craven, P. B. Reich, J. J. Ewel, F. Isbell, J. Koricheva, J. A. Parrotta, H. Auge, H. E. Erickson, D. I. Forrester, A. Hector, J. Joshi, F. Montagnini, C. Palmborg, D. Piotto, C. Potvin, C. Roscher, J. van Ruijven, D. Tilman, B. Wilsey, N. Eisenhauer. 2017. Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems Nature Ecology and Evolution 1:1639-1642 PDF

Thakur, M. P., D. Tilman, O. Purschke, M. Ciobanu, J. Cowles, F. Isbell, P. D. Wragg, and N. Eisenhauer. 2017. Climate warming promotes species diversity, but with greater taxonomic redundancy, in complex environments Science Advances 3:e1700866 PDF

Ren, H., Z. Xu, F. Isbell, J. Huang, X. Han, W. Wan, R. Wang, S. Chen, D.H., Zeng, Y. Jiang, Y. Fang. 2017. Exacerbated nitrogen limitation ends transient stimulation of grassland productivity by increased precipitation Ecological Monographs 87:457-469 PDF

Ratajczak, Z., P. D'Odorico, B. Bestelmeyer, S. Collins, F. Isbell, and J. Nippert. 2017. The interactive effects of press/pulse intensity and duration on regime shifts at multiple scales Ecological Monographs 87:198-218 PDF

Fujii, S., A. S. Mori, D. Koide, K. Makoto, S. Matsuoa, T. Osono, and F. Isbell​. 2017. Disentangling relationships between plant diversity and decomposition processes under forest restoration Journal of Applied Ecology 54:80-90 PDF



Turnbull, L., F. Isbell, D. Purves, M. Loreau, and A. Hector. 2016 Understanding the value of plant diversity for ecosystem functioning through niche theory Proc. Roy. Soc. B 283:20160536 PDF

Keeler, B. L., J. D. Gourevitch, S. Polasky, F. Isbell, C. W. Tessum, J. Hill, and J. D. Marshall. 2016. The social cost of nitrogen: a spatially explicit framework for evaluating the nitrogen externality Science Advances 2:e1600219 PDF

Gonzalez, A., B. J. Cardinale, G. R. H. Allington, J. Byrnes, K. A. Endsley, D. G. Brown, D. U. Hooper, F. Isbell, M. Loreau, and M. I. O’Connor. 2016. Estimating local biodiversity change: a critique of papers claiming no net loss of local diversity Ecology 97:1949-1960 PDF

Craven, D., F. Isbell, P. Manning, J. Connolly, H. Bruelheide, A. Ebeling, C. Roscher, J. van Ruijven, A. Weigelt, B. Wilsey, C. Beierkuhnlein, E. de Luca, J. N. Griffin, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, A. Jentsch, J. Kreyling, V. Lanta, M. Loreau, S. T. Meyer, A. S. Mori, S. Naeem, C. Palmborg, H. W. Polley, P. B. Reich, B. Schmid, A. Siebenkäs, E. Seabloom, M. P. Thakur, D. Tilman, A. Vogel, and N. Eisenhauer. 2016. Plant diversity effects on grassland productivity are robust to both nutrient enrichment and drought Phil. Trans. B 371:20150277 PDF

Mori, A. S., F. Isbell, S. Fujii, K. Makoto, S. Matsuoka, and T. Osono. 2016. Low multifunctional redundancy of soil fungal diversity at multiple spatial scales Ecology Letters 19:249-259 PDF

Balvanera, P., S. Quijas, B. Martín-López, E. Barrios, L. Dee, F. Isbell, I. Durance, P. White, R. Blanchard, R. de Groot. 2016. The links between biodiversity and ecosystem services. Chapter 4 in Handbook of Ecosystem Services. Eds. R. Haines-Young, M. Potschin, R. Fish and R. K. Turner. London, Routledge, pages 73-89



Isbell, F., D. Craven, J. Connolly, M. Loreau, B. Schmid, C. Beierkuhnlein, T.M. Bezemer, C. Bonin, H. Bruelheide, E. De Luca, A. Ebeling, J.N. Griffin, Q. Guo, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, A. Jentsch, J. Kreyling, V. Lanta, P. Manning, S.T. Meyer, A.S. Mori, S. Naeem, P.A. Niklaus, H.W. Polley, P.B. Reich, C. Roscher, E.W. Seabloom, M.D. Smith, M.P. Thakur, D. Tilman, B.F. Tracy, W.H. van der Putten, J. van Ruijven, A. Weigelt, W.W. Weisser, B.J. Wilsey, N. Eisenhauer. 2015. Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes Nature 526:574-577 PDF

Isbell, F., D. Tilman, S. Polasky, and M. Loreau. 2015. The biodiversity-dependent ecosystem services debt Ecology Letters 18:119-134 PDF

Isbell, F. 2015. Agroecosystem diversification Nature Plants 1:15041 PDF

Tilman, D. and F. Isbell 2015. Biodiversity: recovery as nitrogen declines Nature 528:336-337 PDF

Hautier, Y., D. Tilman, F. Isbell, E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, and P. B. Reich. 2015. Anthropogenic environmental changes impact ecosystem stability via biodiversity Science 348:336-340 PDF

Zhang, Y., J. Feng, F. Isbell, X. Lu, and X. Han. 2015. Productivity depends more on the rate than the frequency of N addition Scientific Reports 5:12558 PDF

Dooley, Á., F. Isbell, L. Kirwan, J. Connolly, J. A. Finn, and C. Brophy. 2015. Testing the effects of diversity on ecosystem multifunctionality using a multivariate model Ecology Letters 18:1242-1251 PDF

Lefcheck, J. S., J. E. K. Byrnes, F. Isbell, L. Gamfeldt, J. N. Griffin, N. Eisenhauer, M. J. S. Hensel, A. Hector, B. J. Cardinale, and J. E. Duffy. 2015. Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across taxa, trophic levels, and habitats Nature Communications 6:6936 PDF

Avolio, M., K. La Pierre, G. Houseman, E. Grman, F. Isbell, D. Johnson, S. Koerner, and K. Wilcox. 2015. A framework for quantifying the magnitude and variability of community responses to global change drivers Ecosphere 6:280 PDF

P. Venail, K. Gross, T. H. Oakley, A. Narwani, E. Allan, P. Flombaum, F. Isbell, J. Joshi, P. B. Reich, D. Tilman, J. van Ruijven, B. J. Cardinale. 2015. Species richness, but not phylogenetic diversity, influences community biomass production and temporal stability in a re-examination of 16 grassland biodiversity studies Functional Ecology 29:615-626 PDF

Clark, A., H. Ye, F. Isbell, E. Deyle, J. Cowles, D. Tilman, and G. Sugihara. 2015. Spatial 'convergent cross mapping' to detect causal relationships from short time-series Ecology 96:1174-1181 PDF



Isbell, F. and M. Loreau. 2014. Sustainability of human ecological niche construction Ecology and Society 19:45 PDF

Isbell, F. 2014. Ecosystem ServicesIn Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology. Ed. David Gibson. New York: Oxford University Press

Tilman, D, F. Isbell, and J. Cowles. 2014. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 45:471-493 PDF

Byrnes, J., J. S. Lefcheck, L. Gamfeldt, J. N. Griffin, F. Isbell, and A. Hector. 2014. Multifunctionality does not imply that all functions are positively correlated Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111:E5490 PDF

Zhang, Y., X. Lu, F. Isbell, C. Stevens, X. Han, N. He, G. Zhang, Q. Yu, J. Huang, and X. Han. 2014. Rapid plant species loss at high rates and at low frequency of N addition in temperate steppe Global Change Biology 20:3520-3529 PDF

Byrnes, J. E. K., L. Gamfeldt, F. Isbell, J. S. Lefcheck, J. N. Griffin, A. Hector, B. J. Cardinale, D. U. Hooper, L. E. Dee, and J. E. Duffy. 2014. Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: challenges and solutions Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5:111-124 PDF

Balvanera, P., I. Siddique, L. Dee, A. Paquette, F. Isbell, A. Gonzalez, J. Byrnes, M. I. O’Conner, B. A. Hungate, and J. N. Griffin. 2014. Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: current uncertainties and the necessary next step Bioscience 64:49-57 PDF



Isbell, F., P. B. Reich, D. Tilman, S. E. Hobbie, S. Polasky, and S. Binder. 2013. Nutrient enrichment, biodiversity loss, and consequent declines in ecosystem productivity PNAS 110:11911–11916 PDF

Isbell, F., D. Tilman, S. Polasky, S. Binder, and P. Hawthorne. 2013. Low biodiversity state persists two decades after cessation of nutrient enrichment Ecology Letters 16:454-460 PDF

Isbell, F. and M. Loreau. 2013. Human impacts on minimum subsets of species critical for maintaining ecosystem structure Basic and Applied Ecology 14:623-629 PDF

Polley, H. W., F. Isbell, and B. J. Wilsey. 2013. Plant functional traits improve diversity-based predictions of temporal stability of grassland productivity Oikos 122:1275-1282 PDF

Huang, Y., L. M. Martin, F. Isbell, and B. J. Wilsey. 2013. Is community persistence related to diversity? A test with prairie species in a long-term experiment Basic and Applied Ecology 14:199-207 PDF

de Mazancourt, C., F. Isbell, A. Larocque, F. Berendse, E. De Luca, B. Haegeman, H. W. Polley, C. Roscher, B. Schmid, D. Tilman, J. van Ruijven, A. Weigelt, B. J. Wilsey, and M. Loreau. 2013. Predicting ecosystem stability from community composition and biodiversity Ecology Letters 16:617-625 PDF

Connolly, J., T. Bell, T. Bolger, C. Brophy, T. Carnus, J. A. Finn, L. Kirwan, F. Isbell, J. Levine, A. Lüscher, V. Picasso, C. Roscher, M. T. Sebastia, M. Suter, A. Weigelt. 2013. An improved model to predict the effects of changing biodiversity levels on ecosystem function Journal of Ecology 101:344-355 PDF



Reich, P. B., D. Tilman, F. Isbell, K. Mueller, S. E. Hobbie, D. Flynn and N. Eisenhauer. 2012. Impacts of biodiversity loss escalate through time as redundancy fades Science 336:589-592 PDF

Tilman, D., P. Reich, and F. Isbell. 2012. Biodiversity impacts ecosystem productivity as much as resources, disturbance, or herbivory PNAS 109:10394-10397 PDF

Loreau, M., J. Sapijanskas, F. Isbell, and A. Hector. 2012. Niche and fitness differences relate the maintenance of diversity to ecosystem function: comment Ecology 93:1482-1487 PDF

Eisenhauer, N., P. B. Reich, and F. Isbell. 2012. Decomposer diversity and identity influence plant diversity effects on ecosystem functioning Ecology 93:2227-2240 PDF



Isbell, F., V. Calcagno, A. Hector, J. Connolly, W. S. Harpole, P. B. Reich, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, B. Schmid, D. Tilman, J. van Ruijven, A. Weigelt, B. J. Wilsey, E. S. Zavaleta, and M. Loreau. 2011. High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services Nature 477:199-202 PDF

Isbell, F. I. and B. J. Wilsey. 2011. Increasing native, but not exotic, biodiversity increases aboveground productivity in ungrazed and intensely grazed grasslands Oecologia 165: 771-781 PDF

Isbell, F. I. and B. J. Wilsey. 2011. Rapid biodiversity declines in both ungrazed and intensely grazed exotic grasslands Plant Ecology 212:1663-1674 PDF

Hector, A., T. Bell, Y. Hautier, F. Isbell, M. Kery, P. B. Reich, J. van Ruijven, and B. Schmid. 2011. BUGS in the analysis of biodiversity experiments: species richness and composition are of similar importance for grassland productivity PLoS ONE 6: e17434 PDF



Isbell, F. I. 2010. Causes and consequences of changing biodiversity Nature Education Knowledge 1: 11



Isbell, F. I., H. W. Polley, and B. J. Wilsey. 2009. Biodiversity, productivity, and the temporal stability of productivity: patterns and processes Ecology Letters 12: 443-451 PDF

Isbell, F. I., H. W. Polley, and B. J. Wilsey. 2009. Species interaction mechanisms maintain grassland plant species diversity Ecology 90: 1821-1830 PDF

Wilsey, B. J., T. B. Teaschner, P. P. Daneshgar, F. I. Isbell, and H. W. Polley. 2009. Biodiversity maintenance mechanisms differ between native and exotic communities Ecology Letters 12: 432-442 PDF



Isbell, F. I., D. A. Losure, K. A. Yurkonis, and B. J. Wilsey 2008. Diversity-productivity relationships in two ecologically realistic rarity-extinction scenarios Oikos 117: 996-1005 PDF