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Eisenhauer, N., J. Hines, F. Isbell, F. van der Plas, S. E. Hobbie, C. E. Kazanski, A. Lehmann, M. Liu, A. Lochner, M. Rillig, K. Worm, and P. B. Reich. 2018. Plant diversity maintains multiple soil functions in future environments. eLife In press

Barry, K. E., L. Mommer, J. van Ruijven, C. Wirth, A. J. Wright, Y. Bai, J. Connolly, G. B. De Deyn, H. de Kroon, F. Isbell, A. Milcu, C. Roscher, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, B. Schmid, and A. Weigelt. 2018. The future of complementarity: Detangling causes from consequences. Trends in Ecology and the Environment In press

Tallis, H., P. Hawthorne, S. Polasky, J. Reid, M. Beck, K. Brauman, J. Bielicki, S. Binder, M. Burgess, E. Cassidy, A. Clark, J. Fargione, E. Game, J. Gerber, F. Isbell, J. Kiesecker, R. McDonald, M. Metian, J. Molnar, N. Mueller, C. O'Connell, D. Ovando, M. Troell, T. Boucher, and B McPeek. 2018. An attainable global vision for conservation and human well-being. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 16:563-570

Langley, J. A., S. K. Chapman, M. Avolio, W. D. Bowman, D. S. Johnson, K. J. La Pierre, F. Isbell, K. R. Wilcox, B. L. Foster, M. J. Hovenden, A. K. Knapp, S. Koerner, C. Lortie, J. P. Megonigal, P. Newton, P. B. Reich, M. D. Smith, B. Suttle, D. Tilman. 2018. Ambient changes exceed treatment effects on plant species abundance in long-term global change experiments. Global Change Biology 24:5668-5679

Craven, D. N. Eisenhauer, W. D. Pearse, Y. Hautier, C. Roscher, F. Isbell, M. Bahn, C. Beierkuhnlein, G. Bönisch, N. Buchmann, C. Byun, J. A. Catford, B. E. L. Cerabolini, J. H. C. Cornelissen, J. M. Craine, E. De Luca, A. Ebeling, J. N. Griffin, A. Hector, J. Hines, A. Jentsch, J. Kattge, J. Kreyling, V. Lanta, N. Lemoine, S. T. Meyer, V. Minden, V. Onipchenko, H. W. Polley, P. B. Reich, J. van Ruijven, B. Schamp, M. D. Smith, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, D. Tilman, A. Weigelt, B. Wilsey, and P. Manning. 2018. Multiple facets of biodiversity drive the diversity-stability relationship. Nature Ecology and Evolution 2:1579-1587

Liu, J., Y. Cui; X. Li, B. Wilsey, F. Isbell, S. Wan, L. Wang, and D. Wang. 2018. Reversal of nitrogen-induced species diversity declines mediated by change in dominant grass and litter. Oecologia 188:921-929

Thompson, P., F. Isbell, M. Loreau, M. O’Connor, and A. Gonzalez. 2018. The strength of the biodiversity-ecosystem function relationship depends on spatial scale. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285:20180038

Mori, A., F. Isbell, and R. Seidl. 2018. Beta-diversity, community assembly and ecosystem functioning. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 33:549-564

Binder, S., F. Isbell, S. Polaksy, J. Catford, and D. Tilman. 2018. Grassland biodiversity can pay PNAS 115:3876-3881

Isbell, F., J. Cowles, L. E. Dee, M. Loreau, P. B. Reich, A. Gonzalez, A. Hector, and B. Schmid. 2018. Quantifying effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning across times and places Ecology Letters 21:763-778

Bannar-Martin, K. H., C. T. Kremer, S. K. M. Ernest, M. A. Leibold, H. Auge, J. Chase, S. A. J. Declerck, N. Eisenhauer, S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, F. Isbell, T. Koffel, S. Larsen, A. Narwani, J. S. Petermann, C. Roscher, J. S. Cabral, and S. R. Supp. 2018. Integrating community assembly and biodiversity to better understand ecosystem function: The Community Assembly and the Functioning of Ecosystems (CAFE) approach Ecology Letters 21:167-180

Hautier, Y., F. Isbell, E. T. Borer, E. W. Seabloom, W. S. Harpole, E. M. Lind, A. S. MacDougall, C. J. Stevens, P. B. Adler, J. Alberti, J. D. Bakker, Y. M. Buckley, M. W. Cadotte, M. C. Caldeira, E. J. Chaneton, C. Chu, P. Daleo, J. Firn, N. Hagenah, H. Hillebrand, O. Iribarne, K. P. Kirkman, J. M. H. Knops, K. J. La Pierre, R. L. McCulley, J. Morgan, M. Pärtel, J. Pascual, S. M. Prober, A. C. Risch, M. Sankaran, M. Schuetz, A. Hector. 2018. Local loss and spatial homogenization of biodiversity reduce ecosystem multifunctionality Nature Ecology and Evolution 2:50-56

Barger, N. N., T. A. Gardner, M. Sankaran, J. Belnap, L. Broadhurst, V. Brochier, F. Isbell, P. Meyfroidt, F. Moreira, T. M. Nieminen, T. Okuro, R. R. Rodrgiues, V. Saxena, and M. Ross 2018. Direct and indirect drivers of land degradation and restoration. Chapter 3 in the IPBES assessment report on land degradation and restoration. Eds. L. Montanarella, R. Scholes, and A. Brainich. Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem services, Bonn, Germany, pages 198-314, Contribution: Lead Author

Cavender-Bares, J., M.T.K. Arroyo, R. Abell, D. Ackerly, D. Ackerman, M. Arim, J. Belnap, F. Castañeda Moya, L. Dee, N. Estrada-Carmona, J. Gobin, F. Isbell, G. Köhler, M. Koops, N. Kraft, N. Mcfarlane, C. Martínez-Garza, J. P. Metzger, A. Mora, M. Oatham, A. Paglia, J. Pedrana, P. L. Peri, G. Piñeiro, R. Randall, W. W. Robbins, J. Weis, and S. R. Ziller. 2018. Status and trends of biodiversity and ecosystem functions underpinning nature’s benefit to people. Chapter 3 in the IPBES regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for the Americas. Eds. J. Rice, C. S. Seixas, M. E. Zaccagnini, M. Bedoya-Gaitán, and N. Valderrama. Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany, pages 207-362, Contribution: Lead Author

Bustamante, M., E. H. Helmer, S. Schill, J. Belnap, L. K. Brown, E. Brugnoli, J. E. Compton, R. H. Coupe, M. Hernández-Blanco, F. Isbell, J. Lockwood, J. P. Lozoya Ascárate, D. McGuire, A. Pauchard, R. Pichs- Madruga, R. R. Rodrigues, G. A. Sanchez-Azofeifa, A. Soutullo, A. Suarez, E. Troutt, and L. Thompson. 2018. Direct and indirect drivers of change in biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people. Chapter 4 in the IPBES regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for the Americas. Eds. J. Rice, C. S. Seixas, M. E. Zaccagnini, M. Bedoya-Gaitán, and N. Valderrama. Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany, pages 363-537, Contribution: Lead Author


Isbell, F., A. Gonzalez, M. Loreau, J. Cowles, S. Díaz, A. Hector, G. M. Mace, D. A. Wardle, M. O'Connor, J. E. Duffy, L. A. Turnbull, P. L. Thompson, A. Larigauderie. 2017. Linking the influence and dependence of people on biodiversity across scales Nature 546:65-72

Isbell, F., P. Adler, N. Eisenhauer, D. Fornara, K. Kimmel, C. Kremen, D. Letourneau, M. Liebman, H. W. Polley, S. Quijas, M. Scherer-Lorenzen. 2017. Benefits of increasing plant diversity in sustainable agroecosystems Journal of Ecology 105:871-879

Wilcox, K. R., A. T. Tredennick, S. E. Koerner, E. Grman, L. M. Hallett, M. L. Avolio, K. J. La Pierre, G. R. Houseman, F. Isbell, D. S. Johnson, J. M. Alatalo, A. H. Baldwin, E. Bork, E. H. Boughton, W. D. Bowman, A. Britton, J. F. Cahill Jr, S. L. Collins, G. Du, A. Eskelinen, L. Gough, A. Jentsch, C. Kern, K. Klanderud, A. K. Knapp, J. Kreyling, Y. Luo, J. R. McLaren, P. Megonigal, V. Onipchenko, J. Prevéy, J. Price, C. H. Robinson, O. Sala, M. D. Smith, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, L. Souza, D. Tilman, S. R. White, Z. Xu, L. Yahdjian, Q. Yu, Y. Zhang. 2017. Asynchrony among local communities stabilises ecosystem function of metacommunities Ecology Letters 20:1534-1545

Guerrero-Ramírez, N. R., D. Craven, P. B. Reich, J. J. Ewel, F. Isbell, J. Koricheva, J. A. Parrotta, H. Auge, H. E. Erickson, D. I. Forrester, A. Hector, J. Joshi, F. Montagnini, C. Palmborg, D. Piotto, C. Potvin, C. Roscher, J. van Ruijven, D. Tilman, B. Wilsey, N. Eisenhauer. 2017. Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems Nature Ecology and Evolution 1:1639-1642

Thakur, M. P., D. Tilman, O. Purschke, M. Ciobanu, J. Cowles, F. Isbell, P. D. Wragg, and N. Eisenhauer. 2017. Climate warming promotes species diversity, but with greater taxonomic redundancy, in complex environments Science Advances 3:e1700866

Ren, H., Z. Xu, F. Isbell, J. Huang, X. Han, W. Wan, R. Wang, S. Chen, D.H., Zeng, Y. Jiang, Y. Fang. 2017. Exacerbated nitrogen limitation ends transient stimulation of grassland productivity by increased precipitation Ecological Monographs 87:457-469

Ratajczak, Z., P. D'Odorico, B. Bestelmeyer, S. Collins, F. Isbell, and J. Nippert. 2017. The interactive effects of press/pulse intensity and duration on regime shifts at multiple scales Ecological Monographs 87:198-218

Fujii, S., A. S. Mori, D. Koide, K. Makoto, S. Matsuoa, T. Osono, and F. Isbell​. 2017. Disentangling relationships between plant diversity and decomposition processes under forest restoration Journal of Applied Ecology 54:80-90


Turnbull, L., F. Isbell, D. Purves, M. Loreau, and A. Hector. 2016 Understanding the value of plant diversity for ecosystem functioning through niche theory Proc. Roy. Soc. B 283:20160536

Keeler, B. L., J. D. Gourevitch, S. Polasky, F. Isbell, C. W. Tessum, J. Hill, and J. D. Marshall. 2016. The social cost of nitrogen: a spatially explicit framework for evaluating the nitrogen externality Science Advances 2:e1600219

Gonzalez, A., B. J. Cardinale, G. R. H. Allington, J. Byrnes, K. A. Endsley, D. G. Brown, D. U. Hooper, F. Isbell, M. Loreau, and M. I. O’Connor. 2016. Estimating local biodiversity change: a critique of papers claiming no net loss of local diversity Ecology 97:1949-1960

Craven, D., F. Isbell, P. Manning, J. Connolly, H. Bruelheide, A. Ebeling, C. Roscher, J. van Ruijven, A. Weigelt, B. Wilsey, C. Beierkuhnlein, E. de Luca, J. N. Griffin, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, A. Jentsch, J. Kreyling, V. Lanta, M. Loreau, S. T. Meyer, A. S. Mori, S. Naeem, C. Palmborg, H. W. Polley, P. B. Reich, B. Schmid, A. Siebenkäs, E. Seabloom, M. P. Thakur, D. Tilman, A. Vogel, and N. Eisenhauer. 2016. Plant diversity effects on grassland productivity are robust to both nutrient enrichment and drought Phil. Trans. B 371:20150277

Mori, A. S., F. Isbell, S. Fujii, K. Makoto, S. Matsuoka, and T. Osono. 2016. Low multifunctional redundancy of soil fungal diversity at multiple spatial scales Ecology Letters 19:249-259

Balvanera, P., S. Quijas, B. Martín-López, E. Barrios, L. Dee, F. Isbell, I. Durance, P. White, R. Blanchard, R. de Groot. 2016. The links between biodiversity and ecosystem services. Chapter 4 in Handbook of Ecosystem Services. Eds. R. Haines-Young, M. Potschin, R. Fish and R. K. Turner. London, Routledge, pages 73-89


Isbell, F., D. Craven, J. Connolly, M. Loreau, B. Schmid, C. Beierkuhnlein, T.M. Bezemer, C. Bonin, H. Bruelheide, E. De Luca, A. Ebeling, J.N. Griffin, Q. Guo, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, A. Jentsch, J. Kreyling, V. Lanta, P. Manning, S.T. Meyer, A.S. Mori, S. Naeem, P.A. Niklaus, H.W. Polley, P.B. Reich, C. Roscher, E.W. Seabloom, M.D. Smith, M.P. Thakur, D. Tilman, B.F. Tracy, W.H. van der Putten, J. van Ruijven, A. Weigelt, W.W. Weisser, B.J. Wilsey, N. Eisenhauer. 2015. Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes Nature 526:574-577 PDF

Isbell, F., D. Tilman, S. Polasky, and M. Loreau. 2015. The biodiversity-dependent ecosystem services debt Ecology Letters 18:119-134 PDF

Isbell, F. 2015. Agroecosystem diversification Nature Plants 1:15041 PDF

Tilman, D. and F. Isbell 2015. Biodiversity: recovery as nitrogen declines Nature 528:336-337

Hautier, Y., D. Tilman, F. Isbell, E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, and P. B. Reich. 2015. Anthropogenic environmental changes impact ecosystem stability via biodiversity Science 348:336-340 PDF

Zhang, Y., J. Feng, F. Isbell, X. Lu, and X. Han. 2015. Productivity depends more on the rate than the frequency of N addition Scientific Reports 5:12558 PDF

Dooley, Á., F. Isbell, L. Kirwan, J. Connolly, J. A. Finn, and C. Brophy. 2015. Testing the effects of diversity on ecosystem multifunctionality using a multivariate model Ecology Letters 18:1242-1251 PDF

Lefcheck, J. S., J. E. K. Byrnes, F. Isbell, L. Gamfeldt, J. N. Griffin, N. Eisenhauer, M. J. S. Hensel, A. Hector, B. J. Cardinale, and J. E. Duffy. 2015. Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across taxa, trophic levels, and habitats Nature Communications 6:6936 PDF

Avolio, M., K. La Pierre, G. Houseman, E. Grman, F. Isbell, D. Johnson, S. Koerner, and K. Wilcox. 2015. A framework for quantifying the magnitude and variability of community responses to global change drivers Ecosphere 6:280 PDF

P. Venail, K. Gross, T. H. Oakley, A. Narwani, E. Allan, P. Flombaum, F. Isbell, J. Joshi, P. B. Reich, D. Tilman, J. van Ruijven, B. J. Cardinale. 2015. Species richness, but not phylogenetic diversity, influences community biomass production and temporal stability in a re-examination of 16 grassland biodiversity studies Functional Ecology 29:615-626 PDF

Clark, A., H. Ye, F. Isbell, E. Deyle, J. Cowles, D. Tilman, and G. Sugihara. 2015. Spatial 'convergent cross mapping' to detect causal relationships from short time-series Ecology 96:1174-1181 PDF


Isbell, F. and M. Loreau. 2014. Sustainability of human ecological niche construction Ecology and Society 19:45 PDF

Isbell, F. 2014. Ecosystem ServicesIn Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology. Ed. David Gibson. New York: Oxford University Press

Tilman, D, F. Isbell, and J. Cowles. 2014. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 45:471-493 PDF

Byrnes, J., J. S. Lefcheck, L. Gamfeldt, J. N. Griffin, F. Isbell, and A. Hector. 2014. Multifunctionality does not imply that all functions are positively correlated Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111:E5490 PDF

Zhang, Y., X. Lu, F. Isbell, C. Stevens, X. Han, N. He, G. Zhang, Q. Yu, J. Huang, and X. Han. 2014. Rapid plant species loss at high rates and at low frequency of N addition in temperate steppe Global Change Biology 20:3520-3529 PDF

Byrnes, J. E. K., L. Gamfeldt, F. Isbell, J. S. Lefcheck, J. N. Griffin, A. Hector, B. J. Cardinale, D. U. Hooper, L. E. Dee, and J. E. Duffy. 2014. Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: challenges and solutions Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5:111-124 PDF

Balvanera, P., I. Siddique, L. Dee, A. Paquette, F. Isbell, A. Gonzalez, J. Byrnes, M. I. O’Conner, B. A. Hungate, and J. N. Griffin. 2014. Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: current uncertainties and the necessary next step Bioscience 64:49-57 PDF


Isbell, F., P. B. Reich, D. Tilman, S. E. Hobbie, S. Polasky, and S. Binder. 2013. Nutrient enrichment, biodiversity loss, and consequent declines in ecosystem productivity Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110:11911–11916 PDF

Isbell, F., D. Tilman, S. Polasky, S. Binder, and P. Hawthorne. 2013. Low biodiversity state persists two decades after cessation of nutrient enrichment Ecology Letters 16:454-460 PDF

Isbell, F. and M. Loreau. 2013. Human impacts on minimum subsets of species critical for maintaining ecosystem structure Basic and Applied Ecology 14:623-629 PDF

Polley, H. W., F. Isbell, and B. J. Wilsey. 2013. Plant functional traits improve diversity-based predictions of temporal stability of grassland productivity Oikos 122:1275-1282 PDF

Huang, Y., L. M. Martin, F. Isbell, and B. J. Wilsey. 2013. Is community persistence related to diversity? A test with prairie species in a long-term experiment Basic and Applied Ecology 14:199-207 PDF

de Mazancourt, C., F. Isbell, A. Larocque, F. Berendse, E. De Luca, B. Haegeman, H. W. Polley, C. Roscher, B. Schmid, D. Tilman, J. van Ruijven, A. Weigelt, B. J. Wilsey, and M. Loreau. 2013. Predicting ecosystem stability from community composition and biodiversity Ecology Letters 16:617-625 PDF

Connolly, J., T. Bell, T. Bolger, C. Brophy, T. Carnus, J. A. Finn, L. Kirwan, F. Isbell, J. Levine, A. Lüscher, V. Picasso, C. Roscher, M. T. Sebastia, M. Suter, A. Weigelt. 2013. An improved model to predict the effects of changing biodiversity levels on ecosystem function Journal of Ecology 101:344-355 PDF


Reich, P. B., D. Tilman, F. Isbell, K. Mueller, S. E. Hobbie, D. Flynn and N. Eisenhauer. 2012. Impacts of biodiversity loss escalate through time as redundancy fades Science 336:589-592 PDF

Tilman, D., P. Reich, and F. Isbell. 2012. Biodiversity impacts ecosystem productivity as much as resources, disturbance, or herbivory Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109:10394-10397 PDF

Loreau, M., J. Sapijanskas, F. Isbell, and A. Hector. 2012. Niche and fitness differences relate the maintenance of diversity to ecosystem function: comment Ecology 93:1482-1487 PDF

Eisenhauer, N., P. B. Reich, and F. Isbell. 2012. Decomposer diversity and identity influence plant diversity effects on ecosystem functioning Ecology 93:2227-2240 PDF


Isbell, F., V. Calcagno, A. Hector, J. Connolly, W. S. Harpole, P. B. Reich, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, B. Schmid, D. Tilman, J. van Ruijven, A. Weigelt, B. J. Wilsey, E. S. Zavaleta, and M. Loreau. 2011. High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services Nature 477:199-202 PDF

Isbell, F. I. and B. J. Wilsey. 2011. Increasing native, but not exotic, biodiversity increases aboveground productivity in ungrazed and intensely grazed grasslands Oecologia 165: 771-781 PDF

Isbell, F. I. and B. J. Wilsey. 2011. Rapid biodiversity declines in both ungrazed and intensely grazed exotic grasslands Plant Ecology 212:1663-1674 PDF

Hector, A., T. Bell, Y. Hautier, F. Isbell, M. Kery, P. B. Reich, J. van Ruijven, and B. Schmid. 2011. BUGS in the analysis of biodiversity experiments: species richness and composition are of similar importance for grassland productivity PLoS ONE 6: e17434 PDF


Isbell, F. I. 2010. Causes and consequences of changing biodiversity Nature Education Knowledge 1: 11


Isbell, F. I., H. W. Polley, and B. J. Wilsey. 2009. Biodiversity, productivity, and the temporal stability of productivity: patterns and processes Ecology Letters 12: 443-451 PDF

Isbell, F. I., H. W. Polley, and B. J. Wilsey. 2009. Species interaction mechanisms maintain grassland plant species diversity Ecology 90: 1821-1830 PDF

Wilsey, B. J., T. B. Teaschner, P. P. Daneshgar, F. I. Isbell, and H. W. Polley. 2009. Biodiversity maintenance mechanisms differ between native and exotic communities Ecology Letters 12: 432-442 PDF


Isbell, F. I., D. A. Losure, K. A. Yurkonis, and B. J. Wilsey 2008. Diversity-productivity relationships in two ecologically realistic rarity-extinction scenarios Oikos 117: 996-1005 PDF