40th Annual A.H. Smith Lake States Mycological Foray
Clavulinopsis Fusiformis


September 18-21, 2014

University of Minnesota Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve
East Bethel, MN

Peter Kennedy (primary contact)
Department of Plant Biology
University of Minnesota
1445 Gortner Ave.
St. Paul, MN 55108

Additional contacts:
Nhu Nguyen (Post-doc, University of Minnesota) - nhnguyen@umn.edu
Mary Spivey (Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve)

This foray is limited to small number of faculty experts, their students, and people associated with active mycological societies (~75 people). There are other mycological events that are more appropriate for the general public. Please contact me if you have any questions about participation.

Please fill out the online registration form and mail your payment (check preferred) to:

Peter Kennedy
Department of Plant Biology
University of Minnesota
250 Biological Sciences Center
1445 Gortner Ave.
St. Paul, MN 55108

Payment must be received by September 8th, 2014 to attend.

Lodging & Meals:
Lodging is available directly on the Cedar Creek campus. The dormitories at Cedar Creek can house a total of 48 people. They are set-up as rooms to be shared by two people. You will need to bring your own linens, blankets, towels and toiletries.  

Cost: The cost for one night is $26/person (two nights = $52, three nights = $78).

Relatively nearby (within 20 miles) lodging options include:
AmericInn Lodge & Suites of Ham Lake
13440 Hwy 65 NE
Ham Lake, MN 55304

Holiday Inn Express Hotel & Suites Coon Rapids-Blaine Area
9333 Springbrook Dr NW
Coon Rapids, MN 55433

Hampton Inn & Suites Lino Lakes
579 Apollo Dr
Lino Lakes, MN 55014

Meals will be catered by Eichten’s Market & Café (https://specialtycheese.com/), which has been highly recommended for high-quality and tasty food. A tentative meal plan (including vegetarian options) is as follows:

Friday 9/19:
Breakfast: Egg bake with fruit basket, juice and coffee
Lunch: Wraps with chips and sodas
Dinner: Lasagna with salad and bread

Saturday 9/20:
Breakfast: Hash scramble with fruit basket, juice and coffee
Lunch: Taco bar and sodas
Dinner: Chicken breast, rice, and veggies with sodas

Sunday 9/21:
Breakfast: Pastries, fruit, and coffee

Cost: Friday only ($40), Friday & Saturday Only ($80), All meals ($90)

Note: Cedar Creek has kindly agreed to provide plates and silverware, but we will be in charge of washing and returning everything in the same condition.  This means everyone needs to pitch in during meal clean-up.

Note: Alcohol is allowed at the foray (we will have a permit), but must be consumed only in the Lindeman building and the adjacent dormitories (no walking with open containers).  Alcohol will not be provided, please your own merry-making spirits.


We will use the Lindeman Lab to setup a mushroom display area and tables for microscopy and ID.  A limited number of dissecting scopes will be available through the research station, but it is highly recommended that you bring your own microscope(s) as well as any accessories (slides, cover slips, foreceps, staining reagents, etc.).  Similarly, a limited number of mushroom ID books will be available, but attendees should provide any specific ID materials.

Tentative Schedule:
Thursday, September 18, 2014
6 PM to 10 PM – Arrival

Friday, September 19, 2014
Breakfast: 8-9 AM
Foray #1: 9-11:30 AM
Lunch: 12-1 PM
Foray #2: 1-4 PM
Mushroom display & ID: 4-6 PM
Dinner: 6-7 PM
Minnesota Mycology Research Talk: 7-8 PM (Speaker TBA)
Mushroom display & ID: 8-10 PM

Saturday, September 20, 2014
Breakfast: 8-9 AM
Foray #3: 9-11:30 AM
Lunch: 12-1 PM
BigBio Site Visit: 1-3 PM
Mushroom display & ID: 3-5 PM
Dinner: 5-6 PM
Smith Foray History Talk by Hal Burdsall: 6-7 PM
Mushroom display & ID: 7-10 PM

Sunday, September 21, 2014
Breakfast: 8-9 AM
Clean-Up and Head Home

Foray Locations:
The Cedar Creek campus covers an excellent variety of habitats, from prairie and savannah to hardwood and boreal forest. There are also bogs and riparian habitats as well.  See the campus map for details. Attendees will have access to all of these habitats and maps of the campus will be provided. Specific locations of interest will be noted before each foray time.  

Below is a list of some of the mycological research that has been conducted at Cedar Creek over the past 25 years. Hopefully the 2014 Smith Foray can add significantly to local species lists and knowledge about fungi!

Selected Mycological Research at Cedar Creek:
Antoninka, A., Reich, P. B., & Johnson, N. C. (2011). Seven years of carbon dioxide enrichment, nitrogen fertilization and plant diversity influence arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a grassland ecosystem. New Phytologist, 192(1), 200–214. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03776.x

Avis, P. G., McLaughlin, D. J., Dentinger, B. C., & Reich, P. B. (2003). Long-term increase in nitrogen supply alters above- and below-ground ectomycorrhizal communities and increases the dominance of Russula spp. in a temperate oak savanna. New Phytologist, 160(1), 239–253. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00865.x

Beckman, N. G., Dybzinski, R., & Tilman, G. D. (2014). Neighborhoods have little effect on fungal attack or insect predation of developing seeds in a grassland biodiversity experiment. Oecologia, 174(2), 521–532. doi:10.1007/s00442-013-2788-3

Dickie, I. A., Guza, R. C., Krazewski, S. E., & Reich, P. B. (2004). Shared ectomycorrhizal fungi between a herbaceous perennial (Helianthemum bicknellii) and oak (Quercus) seedlings. New Phytologist, 164(2), 375–382.

Dickie, I. A., Dentinger, B. T. M., Avis, P. G., McLaughlin, D. J., & Reich, P. B. (2009). Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities of oak savanna are distinct from forest communities. Mycologia, 101(4), 473–483.

Dickie, I. A., & Reich, P. B. (2005). Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities at forest edges. Journal of Ecology, 93(2), 244–255. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.00977.x

Dickie, I. A., Schnitzer, S. A., Reich, P. B., & Hobbie, S. E. (2007). Is oak establishment in old-fields and savanna openings context dependent? Journal of Ecology, 95(2), 309–320.

Dickie, I. A., Dentinger, B. T. M., Avis, P. G., McLaughlin, D. J., & Reich, P. B. (2009). Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities of oak savanna are distinct from forest communities. Mycologia, 101(4), 473–483.Johnson, N. C., Tilman, D., & Wedin, D. (1992). Plant and soil controls of mycorrhizal fungal communities. Ecology, 73(6), 2034–2042. doi:10.2307/1941453

Waldrop, M. P., Zak, D. R., Blackwood, C. B., Curtis, C. D., & Tilman, D. (2006). Resource availability controls fungal diversity across a plant diversity gradient. Ecology Letters, 9(10), 1127–1135. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.00965.x

Wolf, J., Johnson, N. C., Rowland, D. L., & Reich, P. B. (2003). Elevated CO2 and plant species richness impact arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spore communities. New Phytologist 157(3), 579–588. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00696.x